World War 1 Essay Dbq Essay

World War 1 Essay

The First World War was a global war that was centered about Europe from 1914-1919. The war was a senseless slaughter of over nine million combative and civilian deaths that no nation benefited from. Rather than the war being fought between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, the instigators of the entire war, their allies took command of the war and caused it to escalate into global catastrophic destruction between some of earth's most prominent superpowers.

Many different tensions plagued Europe even before any sort of trigger event occurred. Europe was already cautious of Germany once its Kaiser, Friedrich Wilhelm II, increased the size of his nation's army. He had a fascination with the British Royal Navy and he wanted one for his own country. Before anyone could blink, Germany had a large and powerful military and was a militaristic world superpower. The rest of Europe became alarmed at the sudden increase of German military activity and feared that Germany would soon start war. Another source of anxiety was that Austria-Hungry and Russia both wanted to control the disintegrating Ottoman Empire.

The Great War started with the rising conflicts between Serbia and Austria-Hungary. Serbia and their ally Russia desired to create a large independent Slavic country. This did not fare well with Austria-Hungary as they did not want to give up any of its territory and was determined to prevent such from happening. On June 28, 1914, Francis Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary, and his wife were shot and killed by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian terrorist group, the Black Hand. Europe had already been in a state of panic and the assassination pushed everyone over the edge. Austria-Hungary saw this as a chance to force Serbia into war with an ultimatum they knew could not be refused. When Serbia failed to agree with the demands, Austria-Hungary declared war.

Alliances were the backbone of World War I as Germany and Russia stepped forward to support their allies. Both Germany, being an ally to Austria, and Russia, being and ally to Serbia, promptly joined the war. Germany had then quickly declared war on Russia and its ally France. In the meantime, Great Britain was debating on lending assistance to its ally, France. Once Germany brutally invaded Belgium, Britain quickly took action and declared war on Germany. It would be the first time in almost one hundred years since all the major super powers fought against each other which had not happened since Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo. At that time several nations; England, France, Germany, Prussia, and Russia; had partaken in battle against one another. However, this time was different. Europe was now divided into two main separate...

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Historical Background

      World War I, also known as The Great War, was an international conflict lasting from 1914 to 1918. The driving force that led nations to war was imperialism. It was fought between the Central Powers (consisting mainly of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) and the Allied Powers (consisting mainly of France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, Serbia, the United States, and Japan).

      The United States maintained neutrality in the conflict until 1917, when war on Germany was officially declared. American military and economic contributions to the Allied war effort helped to turn the course of the war and eventually led to the defeat of the Central Powers.

  Write an essay that discusses…
      • Two reasons why the U.S. entered WWI.
      • How did the U.S contribute to the Allied cause BEFORE and AFTER it entered the war?

Before writing your essay, study the documents that follow and answer the scaffolding questions about them. Then use the information in your document answers to help you write the essay. You will be graded as follows:

Document/scaffolding questions 10 points
Use of all documents 10 points
Introduction 5 points
Conclusion 5 points
Essay (content & question addressed) 20 points

DIRECTIONS: Using the information contained in the documents and your knowledge of social studies, answer the questions that follow each document. Your answers will help you write your essay (see TASK on front cover).

1. What was the purpose of the notice from the Imperial German Embassy?

2. What effect do you think that the incident described in the NY Times might have had on American public opinion about involvement in the war?

DOCUMENT 2 - Cartoon in response to German U-boat attacks on American ships at sea (1917).

3. What is President Wilson doing in the cartoon above?

4. What is the...

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