Essay On Child Labour 300-500 Words

Child labour is the act of employing and engaging children in the economic activities like in the exploitative industry, illegal business, etc on part-time or full-time basis.

Essay on Child Labour

Child labour is a big social issue in our country as well as abroad which everyone must be aware of. Let your kids and children know what is child labour, its causes and what prevention measures are. These child labour essay are written in very simple words especially for the use of children and students going to school. By using such essay on Child Labour, students can easily win the essay writing competition because all are written in very easy English language.

Child Labour Essay 1 (100 words)

Child labour is the service paid by the children in their childhood in any field of work. This is done by the child own due to the lack of resources for the life survival, irresponsibility of the parents or forcefully by the owner for increasing their return on investment at low investment. It does not matter the cause of child labour as all the causes force children to live their life without childhood. Childhood is the great and happiest period of the lives of everyone during which one learns about the basic strategy of the life from parents, loved ones and nature. Child labour interferes with the proper growth and development of the children in all aspects like mentally, physically, socially and intellectually.

Child Labour Essay 2 (150 words)

Child labour is the full work taken by the children in any field of work. It is a forceful act either by the parents, bad events or owners. Childhood is the birth rights of everyone which he/she must live under the love and care of their parents however this illegal act of child labour forces a child to live life like elder. It causes lack of many important things in the life of child like improper physical growth and development, inappropriate development of the mind, socially and intellectually unhealthy.

Child labour keeps a child away from all the benefits of the childhood, a happiest and memorable period of the life of everyone. It interferes with the ability of attending regular school which makes them socially dangerous and harmful citizen of the country. This illegal activity of the child labour is increasing day by day even after lots of the rules and regulations against this by the government to completely prohibit the act of child labour.

Child Labour Essay 3 (200 words)

Child labour has become a biggest social issue in India which needs to be solved on regular basis. It is not the responsibility of the government only, it should be solved and taken care by all the parents, owners and other social organizations. It is the issue of everyone which should be solved personally as it can be happened with the child of any person.

In many developing countries child labour is very common because of the existence of high level of poverty and poor schooling opportunities for the children. The highest incidence rate of the child labour is still more than 50 percent in which children of age group 5 to 14 are working in the developing country. The rate of child labour is high in the agriculture field which is mostly found in the rural and informal urban economy where most of the children are predominantly employed into the agriculture work by their own parents instead of sending them to the school and free them to play with friends.

The issue of the child labour has now been an international concern as it highly involved in inhibiting the growth and development of the country. Healthy children are the bright future and power of any country thus child labour is damaging, spoiling and destroying the future of the children and finally the country.


Child Labour Essay 4 (250 words)

Child labour is the crime to humanity which has become a curse to the society and big issue preventing the country growth and development. Childhood is the most memorable period of the life which everyone has right to live from birth. Children have full rights to play with friends, go to school, feel the love and care of parents and touch beauty of the nature. However, just because of the improper understandings of the people (parents, owners, etc), children are forced to live life of the elder. They are forced to arrange all the resources for life survival in their childhood.

Parents want to make them very responsible towards their family in the early childhood of their kids. They do not understand that their kids need love and care, they need proper schooling and play with friends to grow properly. Such parents understand that their kids are the only property of them, they can use them as they want. But really, every parents need to understand that they have some responsibility towards their country too. They need to make their kids healthy in every aspect to make the future of the country bright.

Parents should take all the responsibility of the family by own and let their kids to live their childhood with lots of love and care. The main causes of the child labour all over the world are poverty, parents, society, low salary, joblessness, poor living standard and understanding, social injustice, lack of schools, backwardness, ineffective laws which are directly affecting the development of the country.

Child Labour Essay 5 (300 words)

Child labour involves the regular working of children in their childhood at very young age from five to fourteen years. Children in many developing countries are forced to work hard for full day against their will at very low pay for their survival. They want to go school, play with their friends and need love and care by their parent like other children living in rich houses. But unfortunately, they are forced to do something against their will.

In developing countries, the rate of the child labour is high because of the poverty, low level awareness for education and poor schooling opportunities. Most of the children of age group 5 to 14 are found to be involved in the agriculture by their parents in the rural areas. Poverty and lack of schools are the primary reasons of child labour in any developing country all across the world.

Childhood is considered as the happiest and vital experience in the life of everyone as childhood is the most important and friendly period of learning. Children have full rights to get proper attention from their parents, love and care from their parents, proper schooling, guidance, playing with friends and other happiful moments. Child labour is corrupting the lives of many precious children every day. It is the high level of illegal act for which one should be punished but because of the ineffective rules and regulations it is going side by side.

Nothing effective is happening to prevent the child labour from society as quickly as possible. Children are too young, cute and innocent to realize the things happening to them in the early age. They are unable to recognise that what is wrong and illegal for them instead they become happy getting small money for their work. Unknowingly they become interested in the getting money on daily basis and ruining their whole life and future.


Child Labour Essay 6 (400 words)

Children are conserved as the most important asset of their country however improper understanding of the parents and poverty making them the reason for the weakness of the country instead of being the power of the country. Most of the children under poverty line are forced to do the child labour daily even after the lots of awareness program run by the government and future welfare of society towards the welfare of the child.

Children are the new flower with powerful fragrance of any nation however some people are declining the power and destroying the future of the country just for earning small money by illegally involving the growing kids. They are playing with the moral of the innocent people and their kids. Protecting children from the child labour is the responsibility of each and every citizen living in the country. Child labour is the socio-economic issue which is coming from long ago and now need to be solved on ultimate basis.

After the independence of the country, various laws and regulations has been implemented regarding the child labour however it did not found its end in the country. Child labour ruining the innocence of the kids by directly destroying their health physically, mentally, socially and intellectually. Children are the lovely creation of the nature but it is not fair that due to some bad circumstances they are forced to do hard labour before their appropriate age.

Child labour is the global issue which is more common in the underdeveloped countries. Poor parents or parents under poverty line are unable to afford the education expenses of their kids and they own unable to earn enough money for the family survival. So, they better choose to involve their kids in hard work to fulfil their needs instead of sending them to school. They understand that schooling is a waste of time and earning money in early age is good for their family. It is the urgent need to aware the poor people as well as rich people (to not use asset of country in wrong way) about the bad effects of the child labour. They must be availed with all the resources which they lack. It should be done by the end of everyone. Rich people should help the poor people so that their children too can get all the required things in childhood. It needs some effective rules and regulations by the government to completely end its roots forever.


Child Labour Essay 7 (1000 words)

What is Child Labour
Child labour is a type crime in which children are forced to work in their very early age and perform the responsibilities just like adults by taking part in the economic activities. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there is an age limit applied to the children that children up to age fifteen will not involve in any type of work forcefully. It is an employment of the children in any type of work which makes children deprived of childhood, proper education, physical, mental and social well being. It is completely forbidden in some countries however has been an international concern in most of the countries as it is destroying the future of children to a great extent.

It is a serious matter (a big social problem) in most of the developing countries. Small age group children are being involved in the child labor hugely by the people of high status. They are avoiding the fact that children are the big hope and future of the nation. Millions of children have been deprived of the childhood and proper education in our country which is a dangerous sign. Such children do not get the chance of living a healthy life as they are not satisfied physically, mentally and socially from their childhood.

According to the Indian law, children below the age of 14 years cannot be employed to any type of work forcefully whether by the parents or owner in a factories, offices or restaurants. It is a common practice in India as well as other developing countries in a small scale industry, domestic aid, restaurant service, stone breaking, shopkeeper’s assistant, every house-hold industry, book binding, etc.

What are the Causes of Child Labour
There are various reasons of child labor in our country. Some of the causes of global child labor are similar however differ country to country. Most common reasons are like poverty, repression of child rights, improper education, limited rules and laws on child labor, etc. Following are some important points regarding causes of child labour:

  • Poverty and high level of unemployment in the developing countries are the main reason of child labor.
  • According to the U.N. statistics of 2005, more than 1/4th of people worldwide are living in extreme poverty.
  • Lack of access to the regular education in many countries. It was found in 2006 that around 75 million children were away from the school life.
  • Violating laws regarding child labour give the way to increased child labor in any developing country.
  • Inadequate social control gives rise to the child labor in the agriculture or domestic work.
  • Limited child or workers’ rights which affect labor standards and living standards to a great extent in order to eliminate child labor.
  • Small children get involved in the child labor in order to increase income of their family to manage two times food.
  • They are hired by the industries to get more work at reduced labor cost.

What are the Solutions to Child Labour
In order to eliminate the social issue of child labor, there is need to follow some effective solutions on urgent basis to save the future of any developing country. Following are some solutions to prevent child labor:

  • Creating more unions may help in preventing the child labor as it will encourage more people to help against child labor.
  • All the children should be given first priority by their parents to take proper and regular education from their early childhood. This step needs much cooperation by the parents as well as schools to free children for education and take admission of children from all walks of life respectively.
  • Child labour needs high level social awareness with the proper statistics of huge loss in the future for any developing country.
  • Every family must earn their minimum income in order to survive and prevent child labour. It will reduce the level of poverty and thus child labour.
  • Family control will also help in controlling the child labour by reducing the families burden of child care and education.
  • There is need of more effective and strict government laws against child labour in order to prevent children from working in their little age.
  • Child trafficking should be completely abolished by the governments of all countries.
  • Child workers should be replaced by the adult workers as almost 800 million adults are unemployed in this world. In this way adult will get job and children will be free from child labour.
  • Employment opportunities should be increased for adults in order to overcome problem of poverty and child labor.
  • Business owners of factories, industries, mines, etc should take the pledge of not involving children in any type of labour.

Child Labour as a Crime
Child labour is still practiced in many countries even after being a big crime. Business owners of the industries, mines, factories, etc are using child labour at great level in order to get more work at low labour cost. Poor children are more prone to be involved in the child labour as they are forced by parents to earn some money to give economic help to their family in the very young age (too young to realize their responsibilities towards family) instead of getting proper education and play with friends in childhood.

Child labour is a big social problem which needs to be solved on urgent basis by the support of both, people (especially parents and teachers) and government. Children are very little however they carry a prosperous future of any developing country. So, they are the big responsibility of all the adult citizens and should not be used in negative ways. They should get proper chance to develop and grow within the happy environment of family and school. They should not be limited by the parents only to maintain the economical balance of the family and by the businesses to get labour at low cost.


A range of students studying in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc classes can use any of the above given essay on child labour. All are simply worded to let students understand without any difficulty. Apart from child labour essay, you can get other related essays and information such as:

Slogans on Child Labour

Paragraph on Child Labour

Speech on Child Labour

Child Labour in India

Child Rights Day

National Girl Child Day

Children’s Day

Essay on Bal Swachhta Abhiyan

Essay on Poverty

Essay on Corruption

Essay on Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

Child labour is one of the major concerns for whole world. It is the running topic in news media and schools for which students get assigned to write essay, article or narrate speech. Teachers generally assign this topic to their students as they are the right people to spread awareness about this evil “child labour”. Here we are providing you some useful articles on Child Labour under various categories according to the words limit. You can choose any of them according to your need:

Child Labour Articles

Article on Child Labour 1 (300 Words)


The practice of work done by under age child for making his/her family capable to survive in this world with basic needs is called “Child labour”. This is now the biggest concern for whole world as children is the future of nation and if a child’s future is healthy, safe and secure then automatically nation’s future will be bright and successful.

Child Labour, its Causes, Consequences and Laws

Child labour is very harmful for young ones in order to their physical, moral and mental development. Though many reasons are there for child slavery or child trafficking but survey says that main cause of child labour are high level poverty and lack of access to good education. Development of the country is directly affected by this crime and child labour is a big reason of under-development of the country. A financially developed country provides all circumstances to its citizens that can help in making their new generations educated and healthy.

In India, many organizations are working for preventing this evil child labour but still it is growing in many illegal, unauthorized industries with some legal companies too. These organizations are of both types, hazardous and non hazardous. According to “The Childs Labour Prohibition and regulation act”, made in 1986, an age criterion for child in hazardous fields is fewer than 14 and non hazardous is under 17.

India is the 2nd highest populated country in the world with around 40% children under age 18 in which half of the total number are engaged in this crime of child labour. A huge number of poor parents are still not aware of the disadvantages of child labour that affects their children in terms of their education, heath, physical, mental and social growth.


We all should come together for tackling this one of the biggest problem ‘Child Labour’ and bring happiness and joy to our child’s face and Nation.


Article on Child Labour 2 (500 Words)

Child Labour

Child labour is the worldwide problem and it is the biggest matter of concern for our country too as future of our new generation is going towards darkness due to this social evil. Instead of enjoying their childhood, they are being forced, either because of the parental selfishness or because of the lack of their basic needs for survival, to go for work as labour on part time or full time basis at very low payment.

Percentage of child involved in Child labour

According to the National survey more than 13 million children are captivated in this major crime in which girls are two times more than boys, who are obsessed in this crime. Though, percentage ratio of the child labour has been decreased in comparison to the last few years but still this crime is swallowing our new generation’s future silently.

Areas where Child Labour Exists

There is a very huge working area in our country where child labour is thriving like domestic services, agriculture, hotel and restaurants, entertainment industry, coal mines, matchbox or firebox manufacturers, etc. This major crime named as “child labour” is depriving under age children from getting basic education or financially secure social life because children are involved in this crime at very low age of 5 to 7 years.


Extreme poverty, uneducated people, high population, some time greediness of their parents and also increasing demand for child labour due to their compatible body structure required for hazardous and exploitative work area like coal mines are the main cause of child labour.

Law and Penalty about Child Labour

Though many rules and acts are being formed and implemented time to time by the government to prohibit the child labour or child slavery, but still this evil is not banned completely in our country as according to the government rule children with or under age 14 can do non hazardous work and above 14 can do hazardous too. For this major crime, penalty for first offence is 50000 Rs. and for subsequent attempt it varies between 1 to 3 years of imprisonment.

How to Stop Child Labour

Country’s economic development can completely eliminate this major issue of child labour as in financially developed country, there would be no unemployment issues for their parents and availability of required education centres, etc. Government has declared many schemes for making its citizens aware about Child Trafficking and its impact on child’s and nation’s future like “integrated child development services”, “Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment history guarantee act”, “Kishore vaigyanik Protsahan Yojna”, etc. Non-governmental organizations are also working for preventing the child labour such as Bachpan Bachao Aandolan, Care India, Child Fund, Ride India, Talaash Association and many more.


To end this problem “child labour”, each and every citizen should come forward and take necessary steps. We can do many things to make people aware of this crime by organizing campaigns, road shows, free education for poor people, advertisements, provide employment to their parents and many more. Without having unity we could not be able to give our “future leaders” a successful, happy, bright and secure life.


Article on Child Labour 3 (600 words)


Child Labour is defined as the work done as part time or full time by the under age children to at low payment or to pay debt taken by their parents. Child labour is the worst crime in world which destroys children future completely and so the nation’s future too. A Child has full right to live his childhood by playing, studying and enjoying but due to some selfish people they are forced to do work as labour in unhealthy environment. Sometimes their real parents became their enemies because they force their children for labour work either due to selfishness or fulfil their basic needs for survival in the world.

Who is Responsible for Child Labour

In India, more than 5 million children are engaged in labour work that is completely not acceptable in order to make our country healthy, wealthy and socially developed. Survey says that, poverty and shortage of good primary schools are the main cause for child labour. Except that, mental state of parents also affects this crime. Until a parent is not aware of harmful impacts of this crime “child labour” on their children, it is almost impossible to end this crime. Extreme poor and rural areas are the sources of this evil “Child Labour” or “Child Slavery”. This trend has developed in rural areas to send their kids for work instead of sending them to school to get education.

What are the workspaces for Child Labour

There are so many places in India where this crime still exists like households, real estates, hotel and restaurants, manufacturing plants, handicraft industry, entertainment industry, coal & mines, etc. Some of them are too hazardous and dangerous for young ones which can physically and mentally damage them like exploitative occupation of coal mines and industries of matchbox and fireworks, but still children are working there in excess number.

Effects of Child Labour

Children are getting affected physically, mentally, socially, and morally due to this unacceptable crime “Child Labour”. It has targeted many countries in the form of undeveloped economic structure which has resulted in poverty, illiteracy, high population, corruption, unemployment, criminal activities, etc.

Laws and action to prevent child labour

Indian Government has introduced so many rules and regulation for handling this crime like “Factories act” in 1948, “Mines act” in 1952, “The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) act” in 1986, “The Juvenile act” in 2000 and “The right of children to free and compulsory education act” 2009. So the percentage of child labour is decreased in country but still we have not ended this problem completely because there are so many firms where children are hired for labour work for no or less pay. Many NGOs are also working for preventing this problem like “Bachpan Bachao Aandolan”, “Child India”, “Care India”, “Talash Association” and many more. Government has declared punishment for this crime is 50000 Rs penalty for first attempt and one to three years of imprisonment for continuous second attempt.


Each and every citizen is responsible for this crime “Child Labour” either those who are taking benefit of labour work for less pay or those who are ignoring working children. Until we all shall not understand the harmful and dangerous effects of child labour, we cannot get rid of this. Firstly, parents should change their thinking about importance of education that how much is this important for their kids. We all should avoid child labour in our domestic area or work area and if we find this crime happening somewhere, we should take necessary steps to stop this. “There is a power in Unity” we should follow this rule in order to make our children happy, healthy and educated.


Article on Child Labour 4 (800 Words)


Child Labour refers the work done by under age children in order to live an ordinary life with essential needs. Instead of enjoying their moments of childhood, they are being forced to do work as Child Labour in an unhealthy environment. No parent want that their children work as a labour in their little age instead of playing, enjoying or getting good education for just getting a few amount in rupees; but still they are forced to do it due to the bad circumstances.

Child trafficking has been the main concern for Indian government since 1980s; thus, the percentage of labour child is declining day by day but this major crime is still not stopped completely. There are so many workspaces where this non-acceptable crime occurs like agriculture, house hold activities, restaurants and dhabas, real estate, unsafe manufacturing industries (glass, match box, fireworks or coal mines), etc.

Laws made by Government to Stop Child Labour

Several rules and regulations are being created and implemented time to time to end this evil “child labour”. These are “Factories act in 1948”, “Mines act in 1952”, “The Child Labour Prohibitation act in 1986”, “The Juvenille Justice of Children act” in 2000, “The Right of children to free and compulsory education act” in 2009, and “Child and Adolescent Labour Law in 2012”. Finally on April 2015, Union cabinet has given permission to work done by children below age 14 in non hazardous work places which does not affect their education and under 17 in hazardous work too. In case of first offence if this crime happens, penalty is about 50K Rs and in second, if attempt is continued, it is converted to one to three years of imprisonment.

Causes and Consequences of Child Labour in India

India is the 2nd largest populated country in the world and also ranks on 2nd number where child labour happens. The main question comes into our mind after hearing about the child labour is that “Who is Responsible”? After deep research, we find that main cause for existences of this major crime is extreme poverty, shortage of good primary education centres, increased population, growth of informal economy, ignorance of rules and laws that has been made to prevent “child labour” and increasing demand of labour at low payment. Generally, this crime is done by those greedy industrialists who want their work to be done with less or without cost. Some of poor parents don’t understand how much their children are affected by this crime regarding their physical, moral and mental development. A child is the future citizen of the country and getting education, playing, enjoying childhood is the birth right of his/her. If a child has secure, healthy and educated future then automatically it will improve our nation’s informal economy.

What are the Solutions to this Problem?

Several governmental and nongovernmental organizations are working for saving every child’s future. As a citizen of the country, we should also take necessary steps on our personal, professional and social level to stop this problem “Child Labour” by not allowing children under 14 in our house hold activities and by complaining if we find under age children working in nearby areas. These nongovernmental organizations (NGO’s) help needy people in manner to provide them free education through various facilities such as mid day meal, shelter, food, work options for their parents with healthy environment, etc. Some of the nongovernmental organizations are “Bachpan bachao Aandolan”, “Care India”, “Talaash Association”, “Ride India”, “Child Fund”, etc. Government has also emphasised this issue on a high level by implementing effective programs and schemes like “Integrated Child Development Services”, “Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahna Yozna” and many else.

Child Population that is stuck in “Child Labour”

Census 2011 says that even after declining the rate of child labour by 65%, it is found that around 5 million children (with age 5 to 14) are trapped in this non acceptable crime, in which girls are two times more than boys who are working in domestic services. According to the National Survey Sample Organization, ratio of child labour in Muslim category is 40% higher than Hindus and category of Dalit has child labour rate about 2.8% and Trible category with higher percentage rate with 3.8%. In conclusion, one in every eleven child in India is engaged in child labour.


Childhood is the biggest important phase of a child’s life and considered as an initial learning period for them which directly affects their future. Children require love, care, education, health, morals and financially secure future from their parents, and if a parent is not capable to give them such life; it gives rise to the “child labour”.

Previous Story

Kohinoor Diamond

Next Story

Essay on Raksha Bandhan

Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Essay On Child Labour 300-500 Words”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *